Category: ROUTE 4
Leaving Belcegiz gulf, we must sail past the high and bold capes of Yedi Burunlar ("Seven Capes")-Kötü, Sancak, Inkahlik, Yassi, Kilic, and Zeytin, which have a nasty reputation for contrary winds and confused seas. Once past them you arrive at a beach, whose dunes with every passing day engulf a little bit more of the ancient city of Patara which waits the day when archaeologist’s shovels will free it of the sands. Rather than stay here however it is better to come overland from Kalkan, passing Letoon and Xanthos on the way. Before one reaches Kalkan there is another harbor called Yesilkoy in which yachts can take shelter. Kalkan is an important port of call on the Blue Voyage from which one may visit the surrounding ancient sites and also stock up on whatever provisions one may require.
Kalkan is a harbour village set in the heart of the old Lycian region. It is relatively cosmopolitan, with wonderful restaurants and great places to stay. The Taurus Mountains – home to the nearby rural escape of Islamlar – provide a stunning backdrop, whilst the views across the bay are remarkable. This beautiful and sophisticated bougainvillea-covered harbour town is set in a breathtaking landscape in the heart of the old Lycian region.
The ancient sites of Xanthos, Letoon, Pinara, Tlos and Patara are all close by, with Kekova, Demre, Myra, Phaselis, Olympos and Aspendos slightly further afield, but all easily accessible.
Strict conservation laws have ensured that the heart of the old village retains an authentic ambience that attracts (according to the Sunday Times) the sort of visitor who might also be enchanted by, say, Tuscany or the Dordogne. The result is a discerning mix of predominantly British guests together with Istanbul Turks attracted by Kalkan’s reputation within Turkey. Winding cobbled streets, colorful shops and excellent harbour-side or roof terrace restaurants and bars are combined with stunning views – whether you are looking up to the dramatic mountains behind the town, or down across the harbour to the broad sweep of the Mediterranean – a view of which we guarantee you will never tire! The many roof terraces are a highlight of the evenings, a time when Kalkan is at her significant best. You can dine by candlelight to the strains of jazz or classical music whilst admiring the stunning views across the tiled rooftops to the harbour and out to sea.
Kalkan has grown over the past few years, albeit with predominantly private villas being authorized outside the periphery of the old village. Kalkan’s many official ‘Green Areas’ are being carefully preserved and we are genuinely optimistic that Kalkan will retain its special charm and ambience for many years to come. With so much of interest in the surrounding regions and the village itself, Kalkan is a destination that encourages guests to return time and time again. Whether your interests are historical, cultural, and epicurean or you just wish to relax, Kalkan is sure to satisfy. Kalkan has managed to retain that most elusive of mixtures – an authentic ambience with the relative sophistication that makes it an unusual, picturesque and uniquely welcoming destination. British newspaper The Independent listed Kalkan among the best tourist destinations for 2007. The paper recommended Kalkan especially for those seeking a romantic vacation and who do not want to travel far from their home country in Europe, and defined the town as a destination of choice.
Patara Beach - the longest beach in the Mediterranean: With the new road Patara is now just a 30-minute journey by local dolmuş or 15 minutes by car or taxi, and is regularly featured as one of the Mediterranean’s most beautiful and undiscovered beaches. The only building on its entire 18 kilometers of sand is a small café. The only real signs of civilization are Lycian, with the crumbling ruins of the ancient port of Patara and Letoon scattered along the coastline.
Kaputaş Beach: The dramatic Kaputaş beach is a ten-minute dolmus or taxi ride from Kalkan. It is a beautiful sandy beach found at the foot of a ravine down many, many steps!
Category: ROUTE 4
One of the most beautiful ports on the Blue Voyage is Kas and one may linger on here for a long time. The town is located on the site of ancient Antiphellos, whose well preserved theater may be visited today. Ancient sarcophagi lie scattered about and there are numerous Lycian rock tombs in the cliffs.
Although the Teke peninsula has been occupied since the Stone Age it seems Kas was founded by the Lycians, and its name in Lycian language was Habesos or Habesa. It was a member of the Lycian League, and its importance during this time is confirmed by the presence of one of the richest Lycian necropolis. The ancient Greeks later gave it the name of Antiphéllos or Antiphellos, since it was the harbor in front of the city of Phellos. During the Roman period, Antiphellos was famous for exporting sponges and timber. Pliny the Elder refers to the town in the fifth book of his Naturalis Historia. After 395 the town became part of the Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine) and during the early middle Ages was a bishop's see - and as Antiphellus is still a titular see. The town suffered because of Arab incursions, and then was annexed (under the name of Andifli) to the Anatolian Sultanate of Rum, led by the Seljuk’s. After the demise of the Seljuk’s, it came under the Ottomans...
This beautiful natural harbour town is framed by the dramatic Taurus Mountains and is located a 25-minute drive from Kalkan. The winding cobbled streets, colorful local shops and local market place all combine to provide a real Turkish flavor. Naturally, the harbour is the focal point of the town, with local çay (tea) gardens providing delightful shady spots in which to relax and soak up the atmosphere prior to exploring the labyrinth of narrow streets that meander through the old town.
However, Kaş offers more than just a beach holiday. Steeped in culture, the region affords many opportunities for exploration of numerous cultural sites together with the surrounding dramatic mountain ranges. In addition, sporting enthusiasts are well catered for as Kaş is a centre for outdoor sports and provides a range of activities including paragliding, trekking, canyoning, sea kayaking and scuba diving.
There are well known ancient cities like Apollonia, Isinda, and Istlada around Kas as well as many ruins of unknown name. These ancient settlements of various sizes. For example, a low hill nears the village of Fingerboard, a small settlement located on the Tysse. Archaeological finds have proven Habesos name is city's oldest name. City was known by Antiphellos at ancient times. It is located at the intersection of roads between Caria and Lycia Antiphellos, but also a commercial port.
It came under the sovereignty of the kingdom during the Anatolia campaign of The Macedonian King Alexander the Great. At a young age after the death of Alexander the area changed hands between the Seleucids and the Ptolemy’s. The ancient city has gained importance during the Roman period and became an episcopal center during the Byzantine period. During this period, it has suffered from Arab invasions. Then it has joined to Anatolian Seljuk and taken the name of Andifli. After collapse of Seljuk Empire, Tekeoğulları principality uses the opportunity and took the city. Ottoman Empire had taken over the district at time of Yildirim Beyazit.
In ancient times, Lycians were living on the peninsula between Antalya and Fethiye bays today known as Teke Peninsula. In Hittite texts, they were called Lukka. As early as 2000 they are known to have a strong national consciousness. This people of Anatolia, relatives of Luwiler, had "the Union" concept. BC 15. Century, Entire peoples of the Anatolian established Assuwa Confederation against Hittites. They were next to Egyptians against the Hittites at Kadesh war. They were helping Troya against Akha Helens as written on Homeros epic the iyada (Iliad). All this was the concrete indication of expanding consciousness of the Anatolian integrity.
540 BC, When they understood they could not hold against the Persians, They gathered the people who can’t fight in Xanthos fort and burn the fort. Soldier fought with Persians till last soldier died for the sake of freedom. This heroic epic is written in Herodotus writings. This consciousness of national solidarity has leaded them into unity with themselves. 500 BC. Unacceptance of the sovereignty of Persia, and Athens took the form of the merger of some of the cities themselves. 400 BC Athenian İsokrates'in wrote that "Lycians No one has never really been master to Lycians.