Two week route, suitable for intermediate sailors. A good combination of long daily passages, rugged scenery, picturesque coves and historical sites. Perfect choice for people who want to build mileage and visit a large number of different places. According to weather conditions, we drop anchor in:
For centuries Finike, then named Phoenicus, was a trading port, the main port of Limyra, the capital city of Lycia. Phoenicus was said to have been founded by Phoenicians in the 5th Century BC, and thus named after its founders. The area has been inhabited for much longer than that; archaeologists have found evidence near the town of Elmalı showing that the Teke peninsula has been settled since 3000 BC (although on the coast nothing has been uncovered dating before 2000 BC). Trade along the coast was established first by the Persians, who relinquished Lycia to the armies of Alexander the Great. However, the coast was always vulnerable to forces from Syria, Egypt and Rhodes until it was brought within the empire of the Ancient Romans and the succeeding Byzantines. Even then the Byzantines were threatened by the Arabian armies coming from the Arabian Peninsula. Eventually the area was lost to the Seljuk Turks in the 13th century. These were succeeded by the Ottoman Empire from 1426.
The local economy depends on agriculture, particularly oranges and other citrus fruits. This is supplemented by income from tourism in the summertime, although because of the lucrative orange production and the distance from Antalya Finike has not seen the large-scale tourism boom that has so radically changed the other coastal districts of Antalya. Finike is a quiet district where people buzz around on mopeds going about their daily lives. Indeed many of the visitors that Finike does attract are retired people in search of relaxation. A type of pale limestone is quarried at Limyra, and sold as a decorative building material.
The port of Finike is now a yacht marina, and has a small fishing fleet. The coast is rich in marine life, including sea turtles, and fish, including local specialties red porgy Sparidae and grouper (Epinephelus); other fish found along the coast include leerfish (Carangidae) and the more widespread Mediterranean varieties such as bluefish, sea bream, sea bass, with swordfish, sardines and others found further out to sea. However, the coast suffers from overfishing, and many varieties, including the porgy, are in decline. The beaches of Finike are an important nesting ground for Caretta sea turtles, and the rocky parts of the coast are used by the rare Mediterranean Monk Seal.
The ruins of Limyra are to be seen three miles east of the Finike; they consist of a theatre, tombs, Sarcophagi, bas-reliefs, Greek and Lycian inscriptions, etc. The ancient city of Arycanda, in a narrow valley off the road to Elmalı. The ruins of Trysa with a carved frieze depicting Theseus, on the road to Kaş. The cave of Suluin. Wreck of a Phoenician merchant ship from about 1200 BC in Cape Gelidonya There are doubtless many more places of antiquity that need to be restored.
The bustling port of Göcek. The untouched rural mountain villages above Göcek – with superb walking. The nature reserves, historic ruins and fabulous beaches of the Dalian Delta. All provide a taste of the uniqueness of Turkey.
The journey from Dalian airport to the Gulf of Göcek which takes 20 mins is one of which we will never tire. Coming through the tunnel the road climbs into the mountains before revealing the most breathtaking views. The forest-clad mountain range reaches as far as the eye can see, providing the dramatic backdrop to the plains, coastal towns, villages and beaches that are scattered throughout the region.
This region, since 1988 has been declared a special environmental protection area and as a result has become a third degree natural site. The old name of Göcek is Kalinche and in nearby coves, like in this one, many other old remains can be seen. These remains are a proof of these coves having been used in earlier times. This region is the heart of ancient Lycia and host to a number of historic sites amongst which Kadyanda, Kaunos, Tlos, Pinara, Letoon, Xanthos and Patara are particularly noteworthy. Wonderful experiences can be had by simply meandering along the myriad of mountain roads, heading nowhere in particular, just soaking in the astounding scenery and happening across villages where time appears to have stood still. Dramatic mountains, stunning beaches, cosmopolitan ports, rustic villages and the wonderful islands of the gulf all combine to provide a snapshot of the diversity that makes Turkey and in particular the Lycian Coast so special.
The many waterside restaurants, cafés and bars provide the perfect spot to relax and watch the theatre unfold before you. The ambience is relaxed and unspoilt without a hint of mass-market tourism, as Göcek has always catered for the independent visitor and, thankfully, its services are designed with a view to quality not quantity. Göcek’s guests come either from the yachts and boats in the harbour or the handful of boutique hotels and villas in the region. This makes for an eclectic mix of visitors of all nationalities. The streets behind the harbour hold a selection of shops selling all manner of produce. The water frontage and the marina are where the surprisingly wide choice of restaurants and menu types are to be found. A perfect spot to unwind from a busy day spent in exploration of the gulf! Like the famous poet Homer of Izmir says when the sun sends its golden rays behind the mountains and at the moment the color of the waters transform into the color of wine, colorful nights of Göcek start.
Göcek is the gateway to the wonderful unspoilt islands in the Gulf and these are where many of the region’s best beaches are to be found. The small selection of island beaches is accessible by water-taxi from the harbour or long lazy days may be spent exploring the gulf on an Island Cruise. .
Islands named “Yassıca Islands” don’t have individual names. They are so small that no one has named them. They are named as the Yassıca islands as a group. There are no establishments on the islands. The biggest one has a sandy beach and there is a small pool cape off the lagoon. It looks purpose built for children to play in. You can swim here without fear of danger from anything between the islands. The minimum distance is 12m between two islands. If you have half an hour you can swim to and from four islands. You can explore the islands by walking if you wish but don’t forget to take sturdy shoes or boots with you as the ground can be very stony. Despite their small size these islands have a good variety of different plants and foliage. Although the ruins seen on the island belong to a recent date, it is known that a habitation had existed at an earlier date too. The remains of quays and of submerged buildings found in the water west of the Island of Göcek indicate that people had lived here in the past. You must be very careful when you pass between the islands because there are the remains of ruins in the sea. There are the remains of a bridge in the narrowest part of the west side of the island named Seytan Ada; it served as a passage to the island of Haci Halil in the past.
Göcek Adası, Göceğin doğal bir liman olmasındaki en büyük etkendir. Göcek'in tam girişinde bulunduğu için Göcek'i Gün Doğusu, Keşişleme ve Kıble yönünden esen rüzgarlardan büyük bir oranda korur. Bu ada üzerinde irili ufaklı çok sayıda plaj vardır. Yatçılar tarafından en çok ziyaret edilenleri batı yönündeki batı koyu ve doğu yönündeki incirli koy'dur. Adada incirli koy dışında hiç bir ticari alan yoktur. İncirli koy'a yaz aylarında Göcek Belediye Marinasıdan her saat başı dolmuş tekneler çalışmaktadır. Aynı zamanda bu tekneler her saat başında koydan Göcek yönüne haraket etmektedir.
Yassıcaların güney ucunda. Adından da anlaşılacağı üzere ada zeytin ağaçlarıyla kaplı. Özel mülk olan tek ada. Adada Osmanlı dönemine ait bir zeytin sıkma atölyesi de var.
Domuz adasının güneyinde, girişi epeyce dar, çevresi çam ve zeytin ağaçlarıyla kaplı uzunca bir koydur. Koyun uç noktasında karaya çıkanlar, kaya mezarları ve antik kalıntılarla karşılaşacaklardır.
Club Marina'nın yanından geçerek devam edeceğiniz yol sola doğru keskin bir dönüş yapıp, deniz seviyesine indiğinde, çam ağaçlarının denizle iç içe olduğu şirin Ayten Koyu'na vardınız demektir. Bu koyda herhangi bir tesis bulunmamakta. Denizi hafif taşlık olmakla beraber her zaman sıcak ve sakindir.
Körfezdeki adaların en büyüğüdür. Mübadele sonrasında boşaltılmış eski Rum yerleşiminin kalıntıları yer alıyor adada. Adanın adını aldığı bir tersane ve gözetleme kulesinin kalıntısı karşınıza çıkacak ada gezisinde. Denizcilerin yaz ve kış koyları adını verdikleri iki koy, mavi yolculuk ve günübirlik gezi teknelerinin uğrak yeridir. Dar bir boğazdan girdikten sonra karşınıza çıkan kış koyu birçok yatçının aniden çıkan rüzgarlarda korunmak için sığındığı noktalardan bir tanesi.
Prens adası da deniyor. Bir zamanlar adada bol yaban domuzu bulunurmuş. Adanın rüzgara kapalı limanına tekneler rahatlıkla yanaşıyor ve demirliyor.
HAMAM KOYU (Cleopatra)
Mavi yolculuk ve günübirlik tekne turlarının uğramadan geçmediği koy. Mavi yolculuk tekneleri ve yatlar gecelemeyi çok seviyor. Günübirlik tekneler ise genellikle yemek molasını bu koyda veriyor. İskelenin hemen yanı başında, bir bölümü sular altında kalmış Bizans manastırı kalıntılarını göreceksiniz. Tekneden çıkıp kıyı boyunca ve orman içinde keyifli bir yürüyüş yapabilirsiniz. Kıyıda yatlara hizmet veren çardak lokantalar var.
Kendinize güveniyorsanız Kleopatra Hamam Koyu ya da Yavansu’dan tepeye doğru yaklaşık yarım saatlik bir yürüyüşle antik kent Lydae’ye çıkabilirsiniz.
Tersane Adasının kuzeybatısında yer alan Taşyaka koyu, ressam Bedri Rahmi Eyüboğlu ve arkadaşlarının 1970’li yıllarda ziyaret ederek hayran kaldığı ve bu seyahat esnasında bir kaya üzerine yaptığı balık resmi nedeniyle Bedri Rahmi Koyu diye anılıyor.
Koyda salaş lokantalar ve yatların yanaşması için ahşap iskeleler bulunuyor. Suyu güzel çeşme, zakkumlarla süslenmiş çakıllı bir plaj, Bedri Rahmi’nin kayaya yaptığı balık resmi, sanatçı Azra Erhat’ın çakıl taşlarından uçurtma mozaiği koya ilgiyi artırır. Kuzeyde çeşme tarafındaki kayalıklara oyulmuş kaya mezarları, teknelere hizmet veren restoranın bulunduğu düzlükte buz gibi su kaynağı dikkat çeker. Kaynak etrafı betonla çevrilmiş ve küçük bir havuz elde edilmiş. Sıcak günlerde havuz çekiyor insanı. Düzlükteki patikayı bulup yokuşu tırmananlar yarım saatlik yürüyüş sonunda üç beş haneli Kilisebelen Köyüne ulaşıyor. Dalaman ovasını, Havaalanını, Kocagöl ve Baba adayı içine alan manzara çok güzel.
Korunaklı yapısı ve doğal plajı ile hem denize girmek hemde teknede gecelemek için tercih edilen koylardandır. Uzun çakıllı plajı, arkada içlere doğru giren ağaçlıklı ovası, çam ağaçlarıyla kaplı dağlarla çevrelenmiş olması Sarsala’yı çekici kılar. Teknelerin en çok bağlandığı Küçük Sarsala koyunda bir restoran ve iskelesi bulunur. Bu koydan Taşyaka koyuna doğru yüründüğü taktirde Likya uygarlığından kalma kaya mezarları gezilebilir.
YAVANSU VE GÖBÜN KOYLARI
Tropikal coğrafyalarda rastlanabilen nefes kesen sualtı görüntülerine sahiptir. Her iki koyda bulunan ve tekne yolcularına hizmet veren restaurantlar size bu güzel atmosferde farklı anlar yaşama imkanı verir. Kapı ve Merdivenli koylarının sessiz ve sakin kimliği, yalnızlık arayan tekne yolcuları için yemyeşil çamların arasında kaybolmanızı sağlayacaktır. Kolaylıkla karaya çıkmanızı sağlayan sahil bandından kıyıya çıkıp, kısa yürüyüşlerle çevreye göz atıp tanıma imkanı bulabilirsiniz.
SIRALI BÜK LİMANI
Küçük ve büyük Hurmalı koylarını içerir. İsteyen yat ve tekneler bağlanabilir.
OSMAN AĞA KOYU (Çeşmesi)ZEYTİNLİ ISLAND (Olive Grove Island)
The island located south of Yassıca Island. As you will understand from the island name the island covered with olive trees. This is the only island that has a private owner. There is an olive oil workshop on the island remaining from Ottoman times.
Tersane Island is the biggest island in the gulf of Fethiye. The island was deserted after the population exchange took place, which left many ruins from the Greek occupation. You will notice a watch tower and shipyard as soon as you arrive from which the island was named. There are two bays on the island named by sailors as winter and summer harbors. Many blue voyage yachts or daily tripper boats anchor in these two bays during their voyage. After entering a narrow channel you will be in calm waters. Due to this feature many sailors use this bay as a shelter to escape from unexpected winds.
There are some Byzantine remains on the island of Tersane, formerly called Telandria, nice to visit and to swim between the ruins in the water. The Greek people, who lived here, left the island during the exchange of populations effected after World War 1.
DOMUZ ISLAND (Pork Island)
Some people name this island as Prince Island. Once upon a time there were a lot of wild pigs here; therefore the island was named Domuz (Pork) Island. Many yachts can be found anchoring in protected areas of the island.
This is the bay that no blue voyage yachts or daily tripper boats will pass without anchoring. The sailors like to spend their nights here. Daily tripper boats prefer to serve lunch to their customers in this bay. You will see a monastery next to the pontoon some of which is under water. You can walk in the pine forest along the shore. There are several restaurants with wooden pergolas on the shore serving the yachts.
If you feel up to it you can take a half an hour walk from Hamam Bay to the hill where you will see the ancient city of Lydae. You can also reach here from Yavansu Bay.
Taşyaka Bay located northwest of the Tersane Bay is known for the famous painter Bedri Rahmi Eyüboğlu and his friends who visited during the 1970's and felt such admiration for the beauty of the bay they also called it Bedri Rahmi Bay. There is a drawing on the rock at the entrance of the bay painted by Bedri Rahmi Eyüboğlu this is the reason that the bay called Bedri Rahmi Bay. There are some old restaurants in the bay and also a pontoon for yachts. Points of attraction around the bay are cold fresh water, a pebble beach decorated with oleanders, a fish drawing painted by Bedri Rahmi and a kite mosaic made by artist Azra Erhat. You will also notice rock cut tombs on the north side. There is also a fresh cold spring running into the bay, which is covered by a concrete like pool figure. The pool calls you in the hot days. The people who find the path to climb up the mountain will reach within half an hour the Kilisebelen village. There are several houses in this village and the magnificent views make the walk well worthwhile. You can see Dalaman plain, Dalaman airport, Kocagöl and Baba island.
The bay located south of the Domuz Bay. The entrance of the bay is very narrow but once inside you will find a long bay surrounded by olive and pine trees. At the far end of the bay you will find some rock cut tombs and ruins. The bay is visited by blue voyagers but not by the daily tripper boats. The coves of Large and Small Sarsala, Manastir, Çamli Koy, Merdivenli Koy and the last one in the gulf named Göbun Koyu are all located north. This beautiful gulf had been discovered by ancient people during the Antique Age and they had settled here before we did and enjoyed these beauties. The antique city of Lydae, above the harbor Aga Limanı in the south of the Peninsula of Kapidag, is one of these. You can reach there by walking from the coves of Aga or Manastir.
When you drive towards the Dalaman direction from the highway you will notice the club marina sign on the left. Once you have taken this turn keep going along the narrow twisty road and you will see the club marina on the left hand side. If you continue further along the road you will take a sharp left hand turn that will take you down to sea level and to the bay name Poruklu Bay. Poruklu bay is a lovely place with green pine forest. You will find a stony beach that has warm calm waters throughout the year.
Sarsala Bay is another preferred bay by sailors with a natural bay ideal for swimming or spending the night in. It is an attractive bay with a long stony beach, a wooded valley that runs inland, surrounded by pine Forestry Mountain. There is a restaurant and pontoon at the small Sarsala Bay where many yachts moor. You can explore Lycian ruins if you walk towards Taşyaka Bay.
These bays offer a magnificent underwater view where you can see a tropical underwater vista. There is a restaurant within each bay offering differing tastes and atmospheres. The quiet and calm nature of the bays makes them an ideal place for the sailors who are looking for a safe anchorage. You can relax and enjoy the beauty of these bays under the pine forest. Should you wish to go ashore, take a walk and explore the bay this can easily be done.
SIRALI BÜK HARBOUR
It includes small and big Hurmalı (date palm) bays. This is another sheltered area for the sailors.
OSMAN AĞA BAY
This is a bay that many local people prefer to visit at weekends to rest with their families and have a picnic. There is a spring in the bay, which is available all year round. Wild animals also visit this bay when it is quiet to drink water and also to eat the food that has been left from the picnics.
AT BÜKÜ BAY
There are a lot of reeds in the bay. One side of the bay is a bit muddy therefore after sunset the mosquitoes invade the bay. The calm water within the bay makes it a good choice for those families with children.
Günlüklü Bay has a lot of Günlük trees so naturally this is how the bay was named. This is another bay preferred by many local people who will visit during the weekend. This bay also has a spring, which can be reached by road from the Göcek and Dalaman direction. Inlets can be found around the bay for those who don't like crowded places and are looking for peace and quiet.
BOYNUZ BÜKÜ BAY
There is a wooden pontoon in the bay for yachts that wish to moor. This bay is also covered with Günlük trees and if you take a walk around to explore the area you will find many types of plants, birds and wildlife.
KİLLE BÜKÜ BAY
This is another bay with a lovely beach and pine forest where you could easily get lost if you don't take note of the direction you are walking. Also with the bay you will find church ruins and decorated stones.
South of the Lake Kargin, there is another antique city which was named Lissa, but there isn't much left of this city now. One of the ancient writers, Pliny, had written about this city where there is an acropolis with a wall made of regular stones in it and also an epitaph on the southern face of this wall. The Lycian rock tombs of the antique city of Crya above the of Bedri Rahmi bay, formerly called Taçyaka, can be seen in the cove. The Lycians who lived in a wide region extending from the river of Dalaman to Phaselis near Antalya, had carved in the rocks the models of their deceased people's houses, as a sign of respect to them. We see these tombs in Fethiye, Tlos, Pinara, Xanthos, Sura, Kekova, Myra, Kas, Limyra and other Lycian cities. We also come across a great number of sarcophagi, called the Lycian-type sarcophagi, in these cities and other Lycian cities. Some ruins remains are also seen on the islands and in the bays.
An interesting bay lined with pine trees. It takes opposite wind by land and sea. The wind power was dominant factor in the past years where sail ships could not come into the beach. Ships carried signs of civilization to ports of Olympos, Phaselis, and Antalya. The name of Adrasan comes from Greek and now it is also called Çavuşköy (sergeant village). The beach resting on its back to the Bey Mountains have clean sand and the sea is shallow. It is full of natural beauty without any roads.
Environmental trips for those interested in the ancient city of Olympos, Chimera mythological mountain unquenchable fire, and the nearest travel destinations. Cirali, Kas, Demre, Myra, Patara, Xanthos, Phaselis in Antalya and other places will be visited. Olympos-long visit to the territory of the ancient Lycian era, then you meet the region west of the last port in the Gulf of Antalya. Adrasan bay is an important stopping point for those who are in blue cruise. This place where the wind never haunts even during the winter months is traveler’s coast.
The Genoese Port: The inlet is an ideal place for staying overnight, with the rocks towering up like straight walls on both sides. A small beach leaning against a pine forest is located south of the inlet. You can tie the sailboat by roping at the back, towards the east. In this case, it will be possible to sleep without swaggering during the night.
The height of Eren Tepe (Hill) in the west is 782 m and it towers like a steep wall. The rock in the east also towers, starting right above the sea. You can tie your sailboat to the rocks here. The shrubs growing among steep rocks, add to the beauty of this exquisite inlet.
Although you can drop anchor everywhere in the inlet, the most ideal place of anchorage is the east side. The inlet of Sazan is behind this inlet. These two inlets are back to back. A small inlet located northeast of the Beach of Adrasan is not convenient for anchoring and therefore it is used only as a halting place. The ruins of Olympos, which are very near, can be visited and the Genoese Port provides the possibility of return.
The wide sand beach in front of Olympos is not fit for staying overnight. You can drop anchor in the direction of the river that flows through the ruins of Olympos, visit these interesting ruins and then depart in order to spend the night elsewhere.
Ancient Phaselis is set on three small, perfect bays, now protected within the grounds of a beautiful national park. Two millennia ago in Roman times this was a thriving port town shipping rose oil and the perfumes made of it, as well as timber from the surrounding forests. Today the three bays and ruined aqueduct of golden limestone shaded by fragrant pines are all that is left of once-prosperous Phaselis. Located near Olympos and not all that far from Antalya (map), it's a perfect spot for a quiet rest and a splash in the sea from one of the small pebbly beaches.
Although a cave in the vicinity - the Beldibi cave -shows signs of pre-historic dwelling, we can trace the city of Phaselis no further back than the 7th century B.C. It was founded as a colony of Rhodes, possessed three natural harbors, and was close to a richly forested region. However, as in other areas of the coast of Anatolia, there were settlements here before the arrival of the Rhodians colonists and therefore it was probably founded first by force, or perhaps by gradual integration with the local peoples after their initial acceptance of the colonists.
Phaselis fell into Persian hands after they took Anatolia and later into the hands of Alexander the Great after he defeated the Persians. Phaselis opened its doors to Alexander, admitting him as a guest. It was here that Alexander accepted many of the envoys from the cities of Pamphylia. Then taking each of the coastal cities in turn, he advanced to Gordion. After the death of Alexander, the city remained in Egyptian hands from 309 B.C. to 197 B.C. under the Ptokmaios. With the conclusion of the Apameia treaty it was handed over to the kingdom of Rhodes, together with the other cities of Lycia. From 190 B.C. to 160 B.C. it remained under Rhodians hegemony, but after 160 B.C. it was absorbed into the Lycian confederacy under Roman rule. Phaselis like Olympos was under the constant threat of pirates in the 1st century B.C., and the city was even taken over by the pirate Zenekites for a period, but was freed from the threat when he was defeated by the Romans. In 42 B.C. Brutus had the city linked to Rome. During the Byzantine period, the city became a bishopric.
In the 3rd century AD., its convenient harbor had fallen under the threat of pirates once again and it began to lose importance, suffering further losses at the hands of Arab vessels until totally impoverished in the 11th century AD. When the Seljuk’s began to concentrate on Alanya and Antalya their ports, Phaselis lost its importance.
Phaselis is a city of natural harbors, of which it has no less than three, as we have said. Near the car park is the northern harbor, next to this the naval base, and to the south the southern harbor. When the two small islets in the northern harbor were joined to the mainland by a causeway, the harbor was enlarged and shaped to accommodate a large number of ships. The military harbour to the south of this was protected by a mole which extended from the walls around the promontory. It is still possible to see the remains of this mole and the walls.
One of the most beautiful ports on the Blue Voyage is Kas and one may linger on here for a long time. The town is located on the site of ancient Antiphellos, whose well preserved theater may be visited today. Ancient sarcophagi lie scattered about and there are numerous Lycian rock tombs in the cliffs.
Although the Teke peninsula has been occupied since the Stone Age it seems Kas was founded by the Lycians, and its name in Lycian language was Habesos or Habesa. It was a member of the Lycian League, and its importance during this time is confirmed by the presence of one of the richest Lycian necropolis. The ancient Greeks later gave it the name of Antiphéllos or Antiphellos, since it was the harbor in front of the city of Phellos. During the Roman period, Antiphellos was famous for exporting sponges and timber. Pliny the Elder refers to the town in the fifth book of his Naturalis Historia. After 395 the town became part of the Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine) and during the early middle Ages was a bishop's see - and as Antiphellus is still a titular see. The town suffered because of Arab incursions, and then was annexed (under the name of Andifli) to the Anatolian Sultanate of Rum, led by the Seljuk’s. After the demise of the Seljuk’s, it came under the Ottomans...
This beautiful natural harbour town is framed by the dramatic Taurus Mountains and is located a 25-minute drive from Kalkan. The winding cobbled streets, colorful local shops and local market place all combine to provide a real Turkish flavor. Naturally, the harbour is the focal point of the town, with local çay (tea) gardens providing delightful shady spots in which to relax and soak up the atmosphere prior to exploring the labyrinth of narrow streets that meander through the old town.
However, Kaş offers more than just a beach holiday. Steeped in culture, the region affords many opportunities for exploration of numerous cultural sites together with the surrounding dramatic mountain ranges. In addition, sporting enthusiasts are well catered for as Kaş is a centre for outdoor sports and provides a range of activities including paragliding, trekking, canyoning, sea kayaking and scuba diving.
There are well known ancient cities like Apollonia, Isinda, and Istlada around Kas as well as many ruins of unknown name. These ancient settlements of various sizes. For example, a low hill nears the village of Fingerboard, a small settlement located on the Tysse. Archaeological finds have proven Habesos name is city's oldest name. City was known by Antiphellos at ancient times. It is located at the intersection of roads between Caria and Lycia Antiphellos, but also a commercial port.
It came under the sovereignty of the kingdom during the Anatolia campaign of The Macedonian King Alexander the Great. At a young age after the death of Alexander the area changed hands between the Seleucids and the Ptolemy’s. The ancient city has gained importance during the Roman period and became an episcopal center during the Byzantine period. During this period, it has suffered from Arab invasions. Then it has joined to Anatolian Seljuk and taken the name of Andifli. After collapse of Seljuk Empire, Tekeoğulları principality uses the opportunity and took the city. Ottoman Empire had taken over the district at time of Yildirim Beyazit.
In ancient times, Lycians were living on the peninsula between Antalya and Fethiye bays today known as Teke Peninsula. In Hittite texts, they were called Lukka. As early as 2000 they are known to have a strong national consciousness. This people of Anatolia, relatives of Luwiler, had "the Union" concept. BC 15. Century, Entire peoples of the Anatolian established Assuwa Confederation against Hittites. They were next to Egyptians against the Hittites at Kadesh war. They were helping Troya against Akha Helens as written on Homeros epic the iyada (Iliad). All this was the concrete indication of expanding consciousness of the Anatolian integrity.
540 BC, When they understood they could not hold against the Persians, They gathered the people who can’t fight in Xanthos fort and burn the fort. Soldier fought with Persians till last soldier died for the sake of freedom. This heroic epic is written in Herodotus writings. This consciousness of national solidarity has leaded them into unity with themselves. 500 BC. Unacceptance of the sovereignty of Persia, and Athens took the form of the merger of some of the cities themselves. 400 BC Athenian İsokrates'in wrote that "Lycians No one has never really been master to Lycians.